Posted on Mar 30, 2016 Leave a Comment
I enjoy the diversity and beauty the U.S. has to offer, especially when it comes to heritage and immigrant populations and their native languages. As a second-generation American whose parents grew up speaking Polish at home, yet who chose not to teach it to my siblings and me, I’ve always felt a twinge of envy when I meet people whose parents did continue both the language and cultural traditions of their countries of origin. Often our country insists immigrants adapt and leave “the old world behind”. That is certainly what my grandparents wanted for my parents as they adapted to the “American way of life” for most of the 20th century.
But times have changed, and both business leaders and educators have begun to recognize the importance of tapping the 350 languages spoken here. Yes, learning English is an imperative to succeed in the U.S. – and the rest of the world – but there is no reason why we shouldn’t promote both English and a native or second language.
It seems I’m not alone in my belief. There has been a quiet yet powerful and progressive trend taking place across the U.S. in state capitals, where legislatures are passing a State Seal of Biliteracy. The Seal is awarded by an individual school, school district or county office of education to students who have studied and attained high proficiency in two or more languages by high school graduation. Language skills are measured by national exams.
Students who receive the Seal may have a gold seal placed on their transcripts and diploma, be awarded a medal, or have a simple line added to their transcripts. But the result is the same: proof of biliteracy to college admissions offices and future employers. The Seal of Biliteracy acknowledges students’ hard work and achievement in their pursuit of a new language. Any student who masters English and a second language, be it a native language spoken at home or a world language studied in school, can be awarded the Seal.
The Seal began as a movement by parents, teachers, education advocates and civil rights groups in California both to improve education for non-native English speakers and to encourage language study in schools. The coalition helped implement the program across the state, and in 2011, California became the first state to pass legislation around a State Seal of Biliteracy.
Since then, 12 states have passed legislation creating a State Seal program: Texas, New York, Illinois, New Mexico, Washington, Louisiana, Minnesota, Washington, D.C., Virginia, Indiana, Nevada and Hawaii.
Right now, my state of Connecticut is in middle of seeing its own Seal of Biliteracy passed. On Wednesday, March 16, the CSDE Education Committee passed the Seal of Biliteracy unanimously with modified language, and now the bill is currently up for consideration for vote in the General Assembly. If you’re interested in learning more about the CT Seal of Biliteracy getting involved, go to the COLT website.
Tireless lobbying efforts of parents, teachers and other education advocates have progressed 15 more states closer to passing legislation.
Parents are crucial to the success of the State Seal of Biliteracy. The Seal supports our goal of preparing our children for today’s global marketplace. It encourages language learning from an early age through high school, rewarding those who master a second or third language. A Seal for high school seniors not only appeals to colleges and employers, but can save money for parents by eliminating language credits at the university level.
I started getting involved as a professional and parent when I learned about the Seal from colleagues in Illinois, Indiana and Minnesota and have been actively engaged with the Connecticut group working toward the Seal in our state. Here are some ways you can get involved:
Ask your district school board about the program. In states that have already passed legislation for a State Seal, it is still up to individual school districts to adopt the program. Talk to the district board about incorporating the program in your district. Approach them with a coalition of parents, teachers and education advocates so they can understand how important the issue is.
Inquire about the Seal in your child’s school. As more parents ask about the Seal and how their sons and daughters can attain the merit, more schools will begin considering implementing their own program. High school parents especially should ask about the program if their children can pass tests in English and another language, but also to provide them with an incentive to continue studying Spanish, French, German, Mandarin or other languages available throughout their four years of high school.
Contact your state representatives. Call, write or visit your state representative to convince him or her of the importance of the Seal of Biliteracy, and to start a bill that would create a state-sponsored program. They don’t cost much—if anything—to run, but the students benefits are great.
Advocate for mandatory world language learning in your school and/or district K-12. Whether you have a full or partial language program, show your support with teachers, principals, PTO/PTA and board of education members. Encourage your children to take the subject just as seriously as others. If you have no program, create a group of like-minded parents who want to build a language program and start advocating. Studies show that language learning comes more easily to those whose brains are still in the development phase – up until roughly 13 or 14 years of age. Parents with children in elementary schools should push for early language education since the Seal requires these programs to survive.
Gather together with families who speak another language at home. Heritage speakers are great supporters of the Seal. They pass their language along to their children who are able to communicate verbally in the language, but may not be able to pass a writing or reading test. The Seal of Biliteracy enables these students to become completely proficient.
The Seal of Biliteracy encourages language learning from an early age and celebrates it—something that has disappeared in today’s school districts across the country as language programs are cut just when we need them most. Get involved. Make a difference. Join the movement: #2bilit2quit
Posted on Mar 8, 2016 Leave a Comment
Guest blog by Perry Yeatman
As I sit here, on yet another United flight, waiting to leave for my current home town of Annapolis, Maryland, my thoughts wander, as they often do on planes, to my family. Throughout my career, people have asked me how I juggle big global jobs and a family. The simple answer is: it isn’t easy. It requires some sacrifices, and you have to really work at it. But for me, it’s been sooo worth it! If you think this might be for you as well, here are a few tips I’ve found that really help.
Aside from picking the right spouse (a critical success factor for every working mom, but one that deserves its own blog — if not entire library section — so I’ll leave that for another time), I recommend nine things anyone with a big job (and especially a big, international job) can do to help improve work/life balance, especially with small and school aged children:
These are some of the things I do to make it work for myself and my family. Granted, having a big job and working globally is not for everyone, and it takes a really supportive spouse. But I’m living proof that if you want it you can combine a young family and a global career and you can reap big rewards — personally and professionally — by doing so.
Perry Yeatman is CEO of Perry Yeatman Global Partners and External Director at Mission Measurement. She co-authored the award-winning book, Get Ahead By Going Abroad, with Stacie Nevadomski Berdan. @perryyeatman
Posted on Feb 18, 2016
Guest Blog by Morgan Abate
One of the things I love most about my university is its commitment to engaged, experiential learning. It encourages studying abroad, experiencing other cities in the United States, hands-on learning, teacher-student relationships, simulations and research to enhance the education that happens in the classroom. Because of that culture, I have been able to study abroad three times, create several portfolios of written and multimedia work, work one-on-one with professors, and participate in Model U.N. and poverty simulations.
More than that, though, my higher education has provided me the opportunity to meet people from all over the world in a tiny university town. I have lived with students from around the globe; roomed with a girl from Ghana who has become one of my best friends; discussed American politics with an Indian citizen residing in Singapore; felt the fear of Nepali friends whose homeland experienced mass destruction; and spoken Spanish with native speakers who appreciate that I make an effort.
This type of immersion, though, does not just happen. One needs to search for it on and off a university campus. Whether you are studying abroad or in a different city in the United States, culture surrounds you. If you’re seeking cultural experiences while in college – which you should to prepare yourself for an increasingly globalized world that relies on bilingual and bicultural skills to be successful – here are some things that you can do based loosely on some of the experiences I have had.
Look for a language or international living-learning community
The easiest way for me to find diversity and culture on campus was through themed housing. Many people with whom I became acquainted my first year lived in an international learning community where students interested in other cultures and from other parts of the world gathered to celebrate each other. I applied to live there my second year and have never left.
Many universities have themed housing, which usually requires an application. By targeting a specific housing arrangement for yourself based on culture, you can find yourself living with someone from a different country, religious background, or first language. At first it may seem inappropriate to inquire about students’ backgrounds, but that is the beauty of themed housing. Those types of conversations can happen naturally and in a safe, nonjudgmental environment.
Offer to help with an international student orientation
There is always orientation for students: new students; transfer students; and international students. International students – whether they are in the U.S. for a semester or for four years – have an orientation to get them acclimated to the culture, language, U.S. higher education system and the particular university. I personally never helped with these orientations, but I knew the students who did. I would show up to open events (many times enticed by the free food) to get to know some of the newer students. They had plenty of resources via their orientation leaders, but I wanted to offer them another one as a domestic student and to simply extend a hand of friendship.
Explore the world by engaging in conversation with those around you
Through friends of mine who ran the international student orientation for the spring 2016 semester, I was able to go to dinner with a group of students to talk. Many of them seemed overwhelmed and frightened. They remained quiet for much of dinner, listening to their leaders talk.
When we moved to a local coffee shop, I sat with a third-year business student from Syria. I’ve met her once or twice, but never had an in depth conversation. I asked her what she did for break, to which she responded that she went home to Damascus. I found it hard to ask her about the situation in the country and the difficulty with getting there and back to North Carolina: media reports make it seem as though the entire country is in shambles. Another transfer student sitting with us lived in Lahore, Pakistan. There were so many questions I had but didn’t know how to phrase without seeming, well, American. Naturally, though, the conversation shifted and I heard stories of their countries from their perspectives – not the media’s. I left that coffee shop a little more enlightened than I had been.
Learn or practice a language with a native speaker
My university has a growing Spanish-speaking population, which has made it easy for me to continue using my Spanish-language skills as well as immerse myself in Latin culture. But for students who look to speak Mandarin, Arabic and even French, it’s much more difficult to find spaces to practice. By making friends with native speakers, not only are you helping yourself, but you are, in a way, helping the students who might not have someone with whom to converse on a daily basis. Native speakers are always pleasantly surprised to find people who want to speak to them. It’s a way to celebrate a culture and also feel a little bit more accepted. If it’s hard to find students who speak a critical language, there are a lot of online groups you can join to video chat with others who are learning English.
Experience a different culture and enhance language skills by going abroad
I spent three weeks in Costa Rica understanding Latin culture, five months in Cuenca, Ecuador speaking Spanish 14 hours a day and picking up some Quechua along the way, and two weeks in Honduras teaching young men about gender-based violence. Every experience taught me something new about the language, the culture, the cuisine and myself. Going abroad teaches you how to live in another culture, to navigate it in a language that is not your own, to listen more attentively and to understand what the world outside of your hometown or university looks like.
Build real relationships
None of the conversations you have and adventures you embark on can happen without effort, curiosity and genuine interest. My two weeks in Honduras reminded me how important it is to cultivate relationships with people. You need to build trust with anyone, regardless of who they are or where they come from, in order to have meaningful conversations and interactions. Don’t assume that people will open up to you upon meeting them, nor should they be treated as a talking book that will answer your questions. And, possibly most importantly, don’t forget that common interests form the basis for real relationships. It’s just as vital to find those connections as it is to learn from each other.
Morgan is an Italian-Polish American who speaks Spanish, has started to learn Portuguese, and is passionate about bringing people together no matter their differences. She will graduate from Elon University with a B.A. in international studies and minors in journalism, Spanish, peace and conflict studies.
Posted on Feb 11, 2016
In its 113-mile journey from Key Largo southwestward to Key West, Florida’s Overseas Highway never fails to delight the senses of sun-starved snowbirds with sparkling blue and green tropical waters, lush tropical vegetation, and seemingly endless sea and sky vistas. Nor is the roadway itself anything less than spectacular, traversing as it does three dozen, narrow, low-slung islands and 42 causeway bridges, the longest of which is nearly seven miles.
But in their enjoyment of the trip and their eagerness to get to hip and happening Key West, most travelers overlook the many worthwhile sites along the federally-recognized All-American Road that also serves as the inaugural stretch of U.S. Route 1, sites that are much more representative of the truly unique ecosystem and culture that is the Florida Keys. Profiled below are ten of the more worthwhile stops to consider the next time you head off into the tropical sunset.
N.B. U.S. Route 1 officially begins in downtown Key West at Mile Marker (MM) 0. Addresses on the Overseas Highway, therefore, are calculated by how far they are from Key West, with “bayside” referring to the northern side of the road, toward the Bay of Florida, and “oceanside” referring to the southern side, toward the Atlantic Ocean.
The best place to see the continental US’s only living barrier reef, which lies 3-8 miles offshore, is at America’s first undersea park. And if you’re not a certified diver, the best way to do it is via a 2 ½ hour ($29.95 adults, $24.95 under 18) or 4 ½-hour ($38.95 per person) snorkeling tour (equipment not included) or a 2 ½-hour glass bottom boat tour ($24 adults, $17 ages 4-11). Likewise, you can explore the park’s 50 miles of mangrove swamps via rented canoes, kayaks, or paddle boards. Onshore attractions include nature trails, two beaches, and a 30,000-gallon saltwater aquarium. (Note: the iconic Christ of the Deep statue is accessible only on snorkeling tours.)
Film buffs of a certain age will enjoy checking out the original 1912 “African Queen,” the 30-foot steamboat that starred (along with Humphrey Bogart and Katharine Hepburn) in the 1951 movie of the same name. 1 ½-hour canal cruise ($49), 2 ½ hour dinner cruise ($89 though dinner is not on the boat.)
Until the hurricane of 1926, these small, yellowy limes were indeed grown commercially throughout the Keys. Now most come from Mexico, but that doesn’t stop local entrepreneurs from cultivating a veritable cornucopia of Key lime products, including candies, cookies, ice cream, tea, jelly, candles, and of course Key lime pie. This colorful, low-key roadside emporium offers a wide selection at very reasonable prices.
Lured onwards by the evening and night life in Key West, most motorists don’t even consider overnighting anywhere else. What they end up missing is the opportunity to recreate at will and at length at dozens of all-inclusive beachfront resorts. (“All-inclusive” refers to amenities such as swimming pools, tennis courts, kayaks, paddleboards, snorkeling equipment, and bicycles, NOT food and drink. Jet skis and sailboats are not included and there’s invariably a resort fee.) Among the best family-oriented options are the Pelican Cove (305-664-4435) and Postcard Inn (305-664-2321) both on Windley Key; the Chesapeake Beach (305-664-4662) and the Cheeca (305-664-4651), both on Upper Matecumbe Key; and the Caribbean-style (and sized) Hawks Cay (305-743-7000) on Duck Key, which even has its own dolphin encounter.
For 70 years now, Theater of the Sea has been entertaining Overseas Highway travelers (and especially those in the back seat), with its stunt-studded dolphin, sea lion, and parrot shows. Beginning in 1987, they began adding interactive encounters, first with dolphins, and eventually with sea lions, rays, sharks, and most recently, sea turtles. General admission to the grounds and all shows: $31.95 ages 11 and up, $21.95 ages 3-10. Encounter prices vary, but the most popular dolphin ones run $195 to swim, $180 to wade, and $85 to meet (you don’t get in the water). Similar marine mammal encounters can be had at Dolphins Plus, Key Largo (MM 99.5 oceanside and MM 102 bayside); 305-451-1993, dolphinsplus.com; and the Dolphin Research Center, Grassy Key (MM 59 bayside); 305-289-0002, dolphins.org.
Much of the Keys’ early wealth came from salvaging wrecks, and this quirky but comprehensive museum traces the 4,000-year history of diving and underwater exploration in all four aspects: military, commercial, treasure, and recreational. Among the many fascinating exhibits are a replica of Edmund Halley’s 1691 diving bell, the Mark V Navy helmet, and some of the 18th-century finds of local treasure hunter Art McKee. Admission: $12 adults, $6 ages 5-11
The Keys are full of waterfront dining opportunities, but few can hold a Tiki torch to the charming white-sand beach and wide open views out over island-studded Florida Bay offered at these two upscale, adjacent sister properties in Islamorada. Take your choice of the two verandahs at plantation-style Pierre’s or dine right in the sand at the Beach Café. Both are especially appealing at sunset. Dinner entrees: $26-55.
Serious anglers come to Robbie’s for some of the best sport fishing in the country, but fun-loving tourists stop by to eat at the Hungry Tarpon Restaurant, shop at the open air market, and hand feed the 2-5 foot-long domesticated tarpon that congregate under the public dock. (Admission to dock $1, bucket of bait fish $3.) Also available are snorkeling tours and a 2 ½–hour excursion to deserted Indian Key Historic and Lignumvitae Botanical State Parks ($37.50 per person plus a single $7 state park entrance fee).
Among the Keys’ most naturally attractive and best maintained beaches are the three of 524-acre Bahia Honda State Park, which allow for swimming, snorkeling, and extended beachcombing on both the bay and ocean sides. You can also venture out high over Bahia Honda Channel on the original 1912 rail bridge, which was converted to cars in 1938 before being retired (by having two sections removed) in 1972. Entrance fee: $8 per vehicle
The visitor center for this sprawling, 25-island refuge devoted to preserving the endangered Key deer, a variant of the Virginia white-tailed reduced by the harsh environment to the size of a large dog (roughly 45-75 pounds), is located in the Big Pine Key Shopping Center. To actually see some deer, however, you’ll need to walk one of the two nature trails (Jack C. Watson and Blue Hole) located north on Key Deer Avenue or cruise slowly through the nearby residential areas on Big Pine and No Name Keys. Free.
INFO: Florida Keys and Key West Visitors Bureau, 800-352-5397.
Posted on Jan 5, 2016
My latest “Go Global” video was developed with K-12 educators in mind. Teachers can use it in their classrooms to inspire global thinking and action. Administrators can share it with local legislators and policy makers to challenge them to do more for students. Parents can watch it for tips on how to help their children develop a global mindset. I encourage you to use it and spread the word!
Posted on Dec 15, 2015
By Morgan Abate
As the final week of the holiday season begins, I find myself stumped on a gift for a good friend of mine. His family made traveling a priority growing up, and thus it has evolved to be an important part of his life. He wants to continue traveling, learning about different cultures and opening up his mind.
Knowing this about him, I wanted to come up with a gift that encompassed his love for travel, the places, cities and countries he has explored, and his future plans for travel. At first, I tried thinking of gifts off the top of my head. The ideas weren’t original, creative or neat. When I had exhausted my energy thinking, I turned to Pinterest, a great resource for anything original and creative.
Sure enough, multiple searches involving “travel” yielded hundreds of results. Some of them were crafty while others were useful and practical. Not only did I end up finding great gift ideas for my friend, but also future ideas for family members and other friends.
Passport covers– One of the best gifts I have received was a passport cover. It helps tell passports apart in a family or in a crowd. MindMap, an online shop on Etsy, the entrepreneurial hub for original goods, sells handmade leather passport covers, wallets and magnets—among other things—with travel themes. Each leather cover costs between $25-$30 and fits U.S., U.K., Canadian, European, Australian and Singaporean passports. If you’ve never ordered from Etsy, don’t worry. MindMap has more than 250 reviews and 2,200 sales. A search for leather passport covers can also lead you to other cool, crafty items.
Scratch maps – Some people love to track and mark the places they have visited in the world. Sometimes it can be as simple as hanging a laminated map and using stickers or tacks to mark the spots they have been. Mix it up a bit! Scratch Maps sells maps of the United States, Europe and other regions around the world for you to scratch away the countries—or even parts of a country—that you have traveled to. The maps cost $28 to $40. They also sell products like scratch journals with cards for each continent.
PANDORA charms & cufflinks – Jewelry to commemorate where you, a friend or a loved one has been or to simply tap into the travel bug can be a perfect gift, even if it is on the more expensive side. For men looking for a classy gift for a mom, sister, girlfriend, fiancée or wife, PANDORA has beautiful travel charms that represent travel in general, specific countries and traditional symbols associated with certain places, such as the Statue of Liberty in New York City. Ladies searching for something for the men in their lives can look to cufflinks. Most of them are basic in design, such as globes or airplanes, but Etsy has a few shops that sell customizable, handmade cufflinks if you’re looking for something more personal.
Scrapbox – For those with a little more time on their hands and a creative side, Martha Stewart has directions for a travel keepsake box. If you know someone who keeps ticket stubs, prints out photos and holds onto other mementos of their travels but has not organized them into a scrapbook, you can make them a simple box with the name of the city or country on it.
Photo coasters – As someone who has access to digital copies of photos from family vacations, this idea is quite appealing. If you have access to photos from a family vacation/exploration, a son or daughter’s abroad experience, or a friend’s favorite travel destination, Shutterfly makes it easy to create coasters as a way to remember travel highlights. They are available in sets of four for $19.99. Just upload the photos and crop them to your liking.
Puzzles – I love puzzles. They are great presents for those who like to think and great activities for families and friends looking for quality time and less screen time. Ravensburger has a one-of-a-kind, 540-piece 3D Earth Puzzleball for $44.45 on Amazon. The Ravensburger website also has a plethora of puzzles of landmarks, rivers, castles, cities and maps.
Maps barware – Uncommon Goods is a company that sells exactly what its name suggests. The site sells map glassware with the streets of Atlanta, Berlin, Chicago, Dublin, Hong Kong, London, Montreal, New Orleans, Paris, Rio de Janiero, Sydney, Washington, D.C. and many more cities. Some glassware also has topographical maps of some of the most well-known sites in the world, such as Machu Picchu, Krakatoa, the Grand Canyon and Mount Everest. There are pint glasses, carafes, wine glasses, lowball glasses, mason jars and mugs, with the selection varying depending on the city or site.
National Geographic Atlas of the World – Last year, Nat Geo published its tenth edition of its atlas to celebrate 100 years of cartography. It’s chock-full of maps, data, trends and facts about the world in which we live. This is a fantastic gift for the family and friends who love learning and educating themselves and others about the world. Not only is it useful for learning, but also to help plan future travels.
iPhone camera lenses – Lifehack, a tech and media website, published a list of the best attachable lenses for your phone. They vary in price, but allow you to take almost-DSLR-quality photos on your phone without needing to carry an extra piece of equipment along with you. If you know someone who likes to document their travels—or even their lives—in photos, this would be a perfect gift. Consider including a little case for the lenses so they don’t get lost.
Biaggi bags – When you’re traveling around a country, staying in small hostels, it can be hard to find space for your luggage. Or when you’re storing your luggage until the next trip, it may need its own closet because of how much space it fills. Biaggi bags, made famous through Shark Tank, were created to eliminate this problem. The luggage fits everything you need, and when you no longer need it, it folds into a neat handheld bag until next time.
TAXI wallet – The Grommet is a quirky website with a bunch of niche gift ideas, and this is one of them. The TAXI wallet is thin with just enough space for an ID, the cards you need and some cash. It folds up and can fit on any part of your person.
After searching for and thinking about the perfect gift for my friend, these ideas offer me a much better idea of what I can give him that is both personal and original. There are, of course, plenty more ideas. This list serves a starting point for those looking for travel-inspired gifts for just about anyone!
Morgan Abate is a soon-to-be graduate of Elon University hoping to pursue a career in international communications and cause marketing. She is fluent in Spanish and English, and is currently teaching herself Portuguese to be able to live in work in Brazil, the business hub of Latin America.
Posted on Sep 24, 2015
An abbreviated version of this Q&A was posted on Reuters and ran in Time‘s Money section, as well as many others.
I’m often asked about the costs and the value of study abroad, by parents, students as well as reporters. In response to a reporters’ recent questions, I provided the following answers but — as you can see — my answers are long, longer than what can usually fit into a typical online news framework. Rather than let the work go unread, I decided to share it here in the hopes that it answers some questions with the goal of having you investigate, if you’re interested. For more information, pick up a copy of either A Student Guide to Study Abroad or the best-selling (so exciting!) A Parent Guide to Study Abroad (just released in Spanish).
What is the range of costs parents can expect for a study abroad program?
The cost of studying abroad varies greatly depending on numerous factors including the type and location of the program, the length of stay, whether the program is administered through a university or an outside provider, or if a student enrolls directly in a foreign university. As such, there is no feasible range to quote. As a parent, I understand that price matters a great deal. But as a business woman, I recommend parents look at the value of the experience and its return-on-investment, or ROI. It makes much more sense to view study abroad as a component that enhances a student’s overall education, begin identifying the best programs, and then compare costs. This requires your child to focus on the educational aspects of study abroad as opposed to the destination. Too many students guided by campus and program advisers ask “Where do you want go?” instead of “How will this enhance your degree and ability to get a job?”
What particular countries tend be more affordable and, conversely, more expensive for study abroad?
Again, it depends on the type of program. Generally speaking, Western European countries such as England, Italy and France are inherently more expensive than developing countries such as Peru, Senegal or Thailand. The difference has to do with the host country’s overall standard of living and the overall cost of basic goods and services. For example, the price of studying abroad for a semester in the Dominican Republic and staying with a host family versus going to Paris and living in an apartment is going to vary quite a bit. But again, to illustrate the wide variability, airfare to one of the developing countries noted above combined with the required immunizations may increase the overall cost. It’s just not possible to answer this question in a vacuum.
Are there any steps you recommend parents take to help shave some costs?
One, do your research. All programs are neither equal in cost nor overall benefits to a student. Compare and contrast programs, read the fine print and talk to other parents. You will need to commit a significant amount of your own time to review the vast amounts of material available. But it’s worth it.
Two, investigate scholarships within your community, at your place of business, and at your child’s college or university. Every year tens of millions of dollars are given to students to study abroad from local rotary clubs to nationally competitive programs like the Fulbright. Most colleges and universities with study abroad offices have a wealth of information about the various forms of scholarships available from a variety of sources.
Three, look into the option of having your child enroll directly in a foreign university, which usually requires withdrawing from his or her home college for the semester or year. This is usually the cheapest alternative, and significantly so, and offers your child an opportunity for real independent learning on a global scale. But it is not without its risks. It requires a great deal more time commitment and independence on the part of your child than a university-led program. Your child will need to manage almost everything from applying for and confirming a student visa prior to departure to making sure that transcripts are sent and credits approved back on his or her home campus.
Four, once your child is on the ground, there are plenty of ways to save money such as opening a local bank account, getting a cheap local phone, living like a local, using public transportation wisely, and setting a budget (and sticking to it).
Does your study abroad affect your financial aid or is there additional aid or scholarships a student can qualify for?
Any financial aid your child is currently receiving from his or her university should be transferrable to a study abroad program run by or affiliated with that university, since the tuition you are paying to study abroad probably goes directly to your home university. Some institutions let students use financial aid for non-affiliated, credit-granting programs. It’s best to check directly with the school’s financial aid office. Federal financial aid can be applied to any program as long as credit is earned and the university accepts the transferred credits. Again, it’s best to check with the sources on campus.
With respect to scholarships, every year tens of millions of dollars are given to students to study abroad, but they are competitive and require students to apply well in advance. Generally speaking there are five types of study abroad scholarships: merit-based and student-, destination-, program- and subject-specific. Most colleges have a straightforward framework for applying to these scholarships. In addition, there are U.S.-Government sponsored scholarships and fellowships such as the Benjamin A. Gilman International Scholarship for students of limited financials means; Fulbright U.S. Student Program designed to provide for mutual exchange between the U.S. and 140 participating countries; Critical Language Scholarships for Intensive Summer Institutes offering fully funded language instruction and structured cultural enrichment experiences; and Boren Awards for International Study offering students the opportunity to study in regions of the world critical to the U.S. yet underrepresented in study abroad. Plus there is an increase in scholarships being offered by foreign governments and numerous study abroad providers as a direct results of the IIE Generation Study Abroad campaign. IIE also offers the most comprehensive listing of study abroad resources online at www.studyabroadfunding.org.
Can a student work while abroad?
Yes, but the local laws must be followed with regards to a working visa. There are two distinct benefits of working abroad. One is earning extra cash, and other is the added experience of working in another country. This experience can offer economic insights into a country as well as open up a wide range of intercultural experiences he or she might not have on campus.
What sort of insurance changes or additions should be made before sending a child abroad?
If your child is on your health insurance policy, keep them on and call your representative to find out if additional coverage is necessary. At the same time, look into the medical insurance being offered by the study abroad provider to be sure it properly covers your child and that he or she completes the necessary paperwork prior to departure. Most countries around the world do not accept U.S. medical insurance and may demand cash prior to treatment if one does not have international traveler’s medical insurance.
Are there any sorts of bank account or credit card changes that parents or students should make?
If your child is going to be studying for at least a semester or a year, consider opening a local bank account so he or she has better access and won’t be charged transfer fees. Another option is to open a U.S. based account with international branches (depending on the study abroad location) or a U.S. bank that allows for free ATM withdrawals and no foreign transaction fees – same with credit cards. Credit cards are important and provide a means for your child to use less cash, but check the study abroad location to find out if the security chip is used in credit cards as opposed the magnetic strip.
If you son or daughter is on your cell phone plan, can they remain on it? Should you drop their line in favor of some sort of local carrier to where they are going? Any other recommendations?
Cell phones are a good idea to have, but your child should be using them on a local basis not for calling back to the U.S.; Skype is the obvious free option. Although parents should check their carrier’s plan for coverage, most students tend to either buy a local SIM card to use in their U.S. phone (check to make sure it’s compatible) or buy a cheap, local cell phone and SIM card. They won’t really need their U.S. music or movie lists as they should be immersing themselves in local culture.
On this point of communication and technology, parents should not expect their child to communicate regularly, nor should students spend much time on social media. It’s important for the students to immerse themselves in their new home culture to soak up as much learning as possible. Skype every few weeks is enough.
Are there areas in which families typically spend money when their kids are traveling abroad that ends up being a waste? If so, what areas are they and what should be done alternatively?
One of the most important things parents can do is to help their child create a budget for their time abroad and encourage him or her to track their expenses on a regular basis, getting familiar with the local currency. For some students, using foreign currency does not always seem like “real” money, which can lead to budget-busting problems. Since many students like to travel while abroad, a great study abroad benefit, staying in-country, or maybe taking excursions every now and then, is usually cheaper and students get the benefits of actually living in a country, soaking up the local culture and spending less money, as opposed to being part student, part traveler. If a student is just interested in the travel portion and not ready for the academic commitment, consider a roundtrip ticket and a backpack as a much cheaper option until he or she is ready.
Should you send the student with cash? If so, in what currency, and should it be limited?
Traveling with some cash (a few hundred dollars) is a good idea, enough to get your child to their ultimate destination combined with some emergency funds, but not enough to make loss or theft a major catastrophe. It’s much wiser and safer to use ATM cards, or even pre-loaded debit cards with pin numbers. U.S. dollars are best and any currency exchanges should take place in-country upon arrival, not prior to departure, where lower rates and transaction fees are usually charged.
Posted on Jul 2, 2015
This opinion piece on study abroad was originally published in the Chronicle of Higher Education.
The number of American students studying abroad is on the rise, and that is a very good thing. But more than just increasing the numbers, colleges would be well advised to take a hard look at their study-abroad programs to ensure that they are providing students with a quality international-study experience at an affordable price. Too many programs are unnecessarily expensive, and many of them don’t help students acquire the cross-cultural skills necessary for long-term career success across a broad spectrum of fields.
Today’s students increasingly recognize that study abroad is one of the best ways they can acquire the valuable international experience necessary to work in the 21st-century global marketplace. What they don’t realize is that all study-abroad programs do not help them equally in this respect. In an effort to satisfy the growing demand for international experience, colleges naturally highlight their commitment to global education. But how global are they?
Far too many institutions seem to equate global education with study abroad; many of them have established “centers” for global education or global studies that function primarily as the study-abroad office. Although studying abroad is an important component of global education, true global education encompasses much more.
Certainly, any time spent studying abroad is valuable and can help a student become more globally competent, but programs vary widely in their ability to help students gain the depth of knowledge that should come with true global learning. Research conducted over the past 10 years and discussed in the 2012 book Student Learning Abroad: What Our Students Are Learning, What They’re Not, and What We Can Do About It, edited by Michael Vande Berg, R. Michael Paige, and Kris Hemming Lou, shows that far too many undergraduates who study abroad are not learning and developing in ways that were common as recently as a decade ago.
One of the shortfalls identified in the book is the lack of engagement — both before students go abroad and after their return — between professors (or study-abroad leaders) and students, with the intention of explaining and helping students interpret their experiences. This interactive process is just as crucial to students’ cross-cultural learning as the experience itself. Although colleges try to prepare students by providing orientations, suggesting websites to visit, and recommending country-specific information to review, this is not nearly enough to prepare students for the experience they are about to have.
Research I conducted in conjunction with the Institute of International Education for A Student’s Guide to Study Abroad indicated that only one-fourth (out of a total of 350 students on more than 250 campuses) of students were provided with any cross-cultural training before they left, while only a little more than one-third were offered the names of fellow students who had gone to the same host country. And only one-fifth of respondents to my survey said they had been offered books or travel guides with cultural information specific to the country or region to which they would be traveling. Mandatory re-entry or reintegration classes were reported as minimal, although many colleges encouraged students to join re-entry gatherings.
These statistics are troubling. When students go abroad, they land not only in another country but in another culture. It can’t be seen, but it can be felt: different values, behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes shared by a society and shaped by its environment. The culture is expressed in feelings, judgments, and mental constructs that are typically subtle in nature. If students don’t know to be aware of culture, they won’t be able to respond appropriately, perhaps even inhibiting their ability to communicate.
To that end, all study-abroad programs should mandate cross-cultural preparation, training, and reintegration programs — but far too many don’t.
In an effort to determine why not, I followed up with many study-abroad offices and administrators. Not surprisingly, cost is a big concern. The programs are already expensive, and to add training by cross-cultural experts before and after is deemed to be prohibitively so. Time is another factor; both the limited time students have before leaving and that of the overstretched departments advising students before they go abroad and helping them upon their return.
But perhaps most unsettling was that many study-abroad advisers and administrators didn’t think anything more than the general orientations and returnee welcomes already being provided were necessary. This directly contradicts what academic research has shown and what thousands of students have told me over the years.
The vast majority of students I have asked about cross-cultural preparation said they wished that they had been better prepared to deal with cultural differences when studying abroad. When I asked why, most said they felt confused by interactions with local people and didn’t understand what was happening in social situations. Many of the students I interviewed said they felt so uncomfortable that they increased the amount of time they spent with fellow Americans and on social media with friends and family back home — the opposite of what they should have been doing.
Most students reported even greater difficulties and lack of support upon returning home. They felt less comfortable with their new selves on their old campuses and had trouble reintegrating. They didn’t understand how to leverage their experiences abroad to help them in their remaining studies and in their lives after graduation, whether academically or professionally.
Many students reported feeling frustrated in their relationships with friends and family, often feeling isolated and alone. Although most students seemed to muddle through, chalking up the strenuous readjustment to part of the learning curve, it doesn’t — and, in fact, shouldn’t — have to be that way.
Students expect college to prepare them for the workplace that awaits them after graduation, and the study-abroad experience is an increasingly important component of that preparation. But to truly help their students become global citizens, colleges must integrate study abroad into a broader global-education curriculum instead of treating it as a one-off adventure.
Posted on May 13, 2015
Parents play a critical role in helping their child identify, prepare for and leverage the study abroad experience, but many do not know how to be most effective. Highlighting the importance of knowledgeable yet limited involvement, international careers expert Stacie Nevadomski Berdan, IIE president Allan Goodman, and AIFS president William Gertz, coauthors of A Parent Guide to Study Abroad, have written the first-ever book that arms parents with the right mix of practical information to get involved just enough, while also giving the students the independence to learn and grow on their own.
Released just in time for graduation season and college students’ summer break, A Parent Guide to Study Abroad offers much-needed straight talk on how parents can and should participate in one of the most important decisions of their children’s academic career. This short guide is a must-have for families seeking to better understand the ins and outs of study abroad and how it enhances a student’s path to success in college and beyond. It is a companion volume to the popular book A Student Guide to Study Abroad. Both books are published by the Institute of International Education and the American Institute for Foreign Study Foundation.
“Studying abroad opens our children’s eyes to new ways of thinking about the world. It helps our children learn to solve problems in cross-cultural contexts and supports critical thinking skills,” say Berdan, Goodman and Gertz. “Studying abroad is also one of the best ways for our children to acquire international experience, an increasingly important component to a college graduate’s resume. Parents should do everything they can to encourage their children to study abroad.”
Recognizing that parents are part of what makes education better in every community and at almost every level, the authors make a strong case for the importance of parental involvement that can influence and shape a successful cross-cultural experience, including:
“In today’s interconnected world, one of the best gifts we can give our children is to help them develop a global mindset so that they will be best positioned for success in our competitive, global marketplace,” say Berdan, Goodman and Gertz. “Each of us has either guided, or is currently guiding, our own children to pursue international experiences.”
Print copies of A Parent Guide to Study Abroad are available from www.iie.org/publications for $4.95, with a steep discount for bulk copies for schools to give out to parents (20 copies for $20.00). A Student Guide to Study Abroad can be ordered for $14.95, with discounts of 30%-50% for bulk orders.
Posted on Jan 27, 2015 Leave a Comment
Recently in school I have studied the conflict in Burma and the situation of the Karen people in both Hartford and Thailand. Since 1948 Burma has had the longest ongoing civil war in world history. The Karen people, an ethnic minority are being persecuted by the Burmese military government. Originally, the British occupied Burma until the Japanese invaded and tried to take over the country in World War II; the Karen sided with the British and were promised independence from the Burmese after the war, while the Burmese allied with the Japanese. After the war, the British never gave the Karen their independence and left complete control of the country to the Burmese, who began persecuting the smaller ethnic groups such as the Karen, forcing them to flee into Thailand and eventually being relocated around the world.
I met some of the Karen refugees currently living in Hartford. Their stories touched me; these people, through no fault of their own, are living such hard lives. Meeting them reminded me yet again how lucky I am.
This coming March I am fortunate enough to travel to Thailand to work at a refugee camp and medical clinic by helping conduct patient interviews and providing medical supplies. I’m also planning to visit a local school to bring supplies and teach English.
In order to make a bigger difference, I am raising money for Burma Children Medical Fund (BCMF) which provides transportation and medical help to refugees. Any donation, no matter how small, can make a huge difference in the lives of less fortunate in southeast Asia. A $25 contribution can cover the costs for one patient to be transported to a medical clinic, taking the first step towards the treatment he or she may need. My goal is to raise $2,500 which would provide medical treatment for 10,000 people for six months. 100% of your donation will go directly to help the Karen people.
I feel as though the Karen people have been abandoned and forgotten throughout history, so not many people know of their terrible plight. I hope to make a small difference by fundraising, volunteering, and raising ongoing awareness of their situation. If you’d like to donate, you can do so three ways by Feb. 28:
Once in Thailand, I will be posting photos and updates on social media, so for those who donate, send me your email so I can share the links! Thank you very much!